Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
China firmly supports Iran in opposing hegemony, and safeguarding its sovereignty, dignity, legitimate rights and interests, Wang said, adding that China is willing to work with Iran to implement the bilateral comprehensive cooperation plan, and promote cooperation in jointly building the Belt and Road and in such fields as energy and resources.
Kazem Gharibabadi, Iran’s permanent representative to the InternationalAtomicEnergyAgency, has rejected some of the assessments made in a report issued by the agency last week, considering the whole report “totally unprofessional, fictitious, unfair and misleading.”.
He said Iran’s geopolitical position, population, energy supplies, transport potential, workforce and culture can provide “meaningful momentum” to major regional masterplans, including China’sBelt and RoadInitiative... The president said nothing can stop Iran’s “peaceful” nuclear ...
Indirect talks between Iran and the United States in Vienna on reviving a 2015 deal, aimed at curbing Iran’s ability to develop a nuclear weapon, stopped in June. Tehran has said its nuclear program is for peaceful energy purposes only. Iran’s hardline president, ...
Khatibzadeh said the islands of Abu Musa, the Lesser Tunb, and the Greater Tunbs belong to Iran, adding that the repetitive and tedious statements issued in this regard will not change the status of these islands ... He also reiterated that Iran ...
“The combination of Eurasia and One Road-One Belt initiatives can be an objective realization of this approach,” he said, adding that “the vast potential of the Islamic Republic of Iran in terms of geopolitics, population, energy, transportation, human resources, and most ...
Raisi went on to say that a working group should be established to pursue economic collaborations such as energy exchange, transportation, joint production projects, and financial exchanges to prepare a turning point in upgrading the level of interactions between the two countries.
Raeisi touched on Iran’s vast potentials in terms of geopolitics, population, energy, transportation, manpower, and most importantly spirituality, culture and civilization, saying they can provide a significant impetus to strengthening the SCO and China’s Belt and RoadInitiative (BRI) to link Asia, Europe and beyond.
Earlier the same day, footage showed Hezbollah-directed trucks bringing Iranian fuel into Lebanon through Syria to try and ease the country's months-long energy crisis. The move, however, violated previously existing sanctions imposed on Iran by former PresidentDonald Trump.
The high-tech force will explore human-machine teaming concepts in waters near Iran, but questions remain about whether the United States is prepared to defend those assets when necessary ... Iran has been quick to criticize the move, characterizing it as part of a wider U.S ... Iran Has the Means and Motive to Disrupt TF 59.
The Tehran-aligned group on Thursday began bringing tanker trucks carrying fuel from Iran, a move it says should ease a crippling energy crisis in Lebanon... Both Syria and Iran are under U.S. sanctions ... ....
He added ... The Tehran-aligned group on Thursday began bringing tanker trucks carrying fuel from Iran, a move it says should ease a crippling energy crisis in Lebanon ... Both Syria and Iran are under U.S. sanctions ... .